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284 Diocletian was proclaimed emperor by his soldiers.
1183 The Battle of Mizushima.
1292 (O.S.) John Balliol became King of Scotland.
1511 Spain and England allied against France.
1558 Elizabethan era began: Queen Mary I of England died and was succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.
1603 English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh went on trial for treason.
1659 The Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
1749 Nicolas Appert, French chef, inventor of canning, was born (d. 1841)
1777 Articles of Confederation are submitted to the states for ratification.
1796 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Arcole French forces defeated the Austrians in Italy.
1800 The United States Congress held its first session in Washington, D.C.
1811 Jos Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, was sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.
1812 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi.
1820 Captain Nathaniel Palmer became the first American to see Antarctica.
1855 David Livingstone became the first European to see the Victoria Falls.
1858 Modified Julian Day zero.
1863 American Civil War: Siege of Knoxville began.
1869 In Egypt, the Suez Cana...
The South Pacific region, stretching from the shores of Australia to South America and encompassing more than 30,000 islands, has felt Chinas growing influenced since 2000s. By 2018, it had grown so strong that it became a threat to Australias strategic security. It should be noted that in the last 30 years, Australia has viewed itself as a regional leader. Chinas enormous investments, loans, grants, intended for the benefit of thirteen small island-states and another thirteen dependent territories in the South Pacific, belonging to Australia, New Zealand, France, and the USA, have made PRC a key benefactor, but not a strategically important player in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean as yet. Beijings negotiations with the island states on stationing Chinese bases there have been thus far successfully countered by Australian diplomacy. These negotiations are linked with PRCs initiative One Belt One Road, a part of which encompasses the Pacific Ocean. And establishing Chinese military bases in the territory of country-participants is a by-product of the project.
Papua New Guinea could have become a geostrategically convenient location for Chinas first military base in the South Pacific. The country lies only 2,000 km away from Australia and provides a convenient access point to the South China Sea, an area where PRC is pursuing its policy of expansion (including military expansion). Historically, China and Papua New Guinea have had close ties. By the middle of the 20th century the biggest Chinese diaspora in the region (approximately 100,000 people), working in the export of timber and natural resources, had made Papua New Guinea its new home. In 1968, the Chinese established Papua New Guineas second most powerful party. In 1980 (five years after the nation had gained its independence), the leader of this party, Julius Chan of Chinese and Papua New Guinean descent, became the countrys leader. In fact, in the following twenty years he occupied the post of Prime Minister three more times. By the end of the 20th century, the Chinese had settled in South Pacific islands, rich in forests and natural resources, such as the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, and French territories of New Caledonia and French Polynesia (better known as Tahiti, where from 2006 to 2011 a member of the Chinese diaspora, Gaston Tong Sang was in power three times).
Negotiations, which started in 2014, on a strategic partnership between PRC and Papua New Guinea, and on repair work of four ports in the cities of Wewak (home to Japans largest air base fr...
This just in from the Washington Post. Somewhat embarrassing error one would think! Julian Assange has been charged, prosecutors reveal inadvertently in court filing By Matt Zapotosky and Devlin Barrett November 15 at 11:19 PM WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has been charged under seal, prosecutors inadvertently revealed in a recently unsealed court filing a 
The post Assange has been charged, prosecutors reveal inadvertently in court filing appeared first on Uncensored Publications.
McBride to challenge everything Richard Rennie:
Zespri chairman Peter McBrides has not had time to put his feet up and catch his breath as he steps down from 17 years on the kiwifruit marketers board and becomes a Fonterra director.
But a glance over his career path indicates he has never been one to sit around for long and he ruefully acknowledges there will be more than enough to keep him busy again in his new post. He spoke to Richard Rennie.
Peter McBrides time with Zespri has not lacked its share of roller-coaster moments and he is exiting his fifth year as chairman at something of a peak at the top of the countrys most acclaimed primary produce marketer. . .
Investment fund eyes Central cherry option Sally Rae:
Central Otago cherries are being considered by a $250 million horticulture investment fund, but nothing has lined up yet, Craigmore chief executive Che Charteris says.
Craigmore Sustainables began fundraising for a new Permanent Crop Partnership in 2016, with a target of $250million. It was quickly approaching that target, and expected closing the partnership for new funds next month.
The strategy was to build a diversified business of the best of New Zealand orchards across a range of fruits for which the country already had an established reputation, including kiwifruit, apples and wine grapes, plus emerging crops such as cherries, citrus and avocado. . .
New Zealand duck-callers have done well against international competitors in the latest world championships.
They took part in the World Waterfowl Calling Championships at Easton, Maryland, on the American East Coast.
The best results were from Hunter Morrow of Otago, who came second in the Live Duck category, fifth in the Live Goose category, and 3rd in the team events. . .
Whats the Elite fascination with Saturn all about? Why is Saturn connected to Satan? Is it all just some esoteric mumbo-jumbo, or should we be concerned about something? How does all this tie in with current events? What are we being prepared for? by Martin Harris Before reading further, I suggest the reader familiarize themselves 
Year 13 secondary school pupils have launched a petition in fear of failing a history exam because they didnt know what trivial meant.
Students sitting the NZQA Level 3 History causes and consequences paper on Wednesday were confronted with the word in a quote from Julius Caesar: Events of importance are the result of trivial causes.
What does this say about the vocabulary of 17 and 18 year-olds?
Is it unreasonable to expect them to know the word trivial?
Is it an indictment on the education system that they dont, or is it just a fact of modern life?
Is knowledge, including students own language, now merely a trivial pursuit?
An advanced Aviation Hub at Whanganui Airport is the latest beneficiary of taxpayer largesse through a donation from the Provincial Growth Fund.
The Taxpayers Union says the government is picking winners:
The Government should be delivering tax cuts to all businesses, not spending $48 million picking winners says the New Zealand Taxpayers Union, responding to the Governments announcement of Provincial Growth Fund spending in the region.
The Unions Executive Director Jordan Williams says Government should not be in the business of picking winners. Instead of spending $48 million on an array of projects in Manawatu-Whanganui, the Government should give all businesses tax relief.
If the business case for projects receiving funding from the Government stands up, they should be able to secure private finance. Taxpayers should not be forced to subsidise businesses that cannot stand on their own two legs. Taxing more for Shane Jones to play Father Christmas is just a provincial merry-go-round.
Its worse than picking winners its using taxpayers money to fund a business that is competing with another existing one.
An international flight school started operating at Oamaru airport a few months ago.
. . .Students from all over would train in single-engine Tecnam aircraft, with one plane for every five students.
Waitaki Mayor Gary Kircher said he was very pleased the airline academy chose the Waitaki district to kick-start their operation.
As therell be a significant number of trainees and staff living and learning here, this is a win-win for everyone.
Ten jobs would be created and up to 50 commercial pilot trainees would be in the Waitaki district over the next three years.
Council chief executive Fergus Power said each trainee would add an estimated $20,000 to Oamarus economy while living in the district for up to a year. . .
If a flight school can be established at Oamaru Airport without subsidies the Whanganui one shouldnt need government assistance and it certainly shouldnt be getting taxpayers money to compete with an existing business.
"Public [government] ownership must be borne by all members of the public, and no member can divest himself of that ownership. Ownership of public property is not voluntary; it is compulsory as long as one is a member of the public. To call something 'compulsory' usually is a good start toward condemning it."
~ Armen Alchian, from his Collected Works, quoted in David Henderson's post 'Wisdom from Armen Alchian'
Here's the whole incredible story. Kudos to @nytimes. Without it, we'd never know @Facebook execs castigated employees for investigating Russian interference. Then smeared its critics with anti-semitic tropes that it lifted straight from the Kremlinhttps://t.co/mOXJERzFq9 Carole Cadwalladr (@carolecadwalla) November 14, 2018 NY Times Delay, Deny and Deflect: How Facebooks Leaders Fought Through Crisis 
Pike River families has often been put forward as one unified group wanting re-entry to the mine and recovery of the bodies, but at least one family opposes the re-entry plan, calling it disgraceful. Recent news reports refer to the families collectively: Andrew Little on Pike River: Re-entry is about fulfilling a promise to the 
Radio Live is
Haven't listened to them during the day for a long time. Not since Sean Plunket departed.
Back in the day Paul Henry was a great morning host (or was that when they were Radio Pacific?) Anyway, before he made the transition from normal human to over-weening human
JT and Willie was listenable when JT was steering but when Willie was in control, an air of flippant insincerity prevailed.
When JT departed and Alison Mau joined Willie she brought an ugly element of female bullying to the afternoon. Opinions she cared not for were loudly talked over.
Why they picked up Nissen Windell (correct me please for I have never paid enough attention to remember) is unfathomable.
But Mitch. Mitch Harris combined a compelling mix of humour, self-deprecation, true two-way communicative skills and great musical appreciation and knowledge.
By no means a religious listener, many a night I have drifted off to sleep to his thoughtful utterances and dulcet tones. I'll miss that.
Update: The idea of a radio station that combines talk and music - in this case Magic Talk - is doomed IMO. If I want to hear how people are reacting to something topical I'll tune in to NewstalkZB; if I want music, I tune into Coast. And even Coast irritates when the hosts start prattling. Most music stations like to boast they have more music and less chat because that's what the punters want. A talk/music channel is a hair-brained idea.
Silverdale Primary School has cancelled their end of year prizegiving, and have explained in a newsletter: End of Year Prizegiving There has been a lot of talk about the cancellation of the end of year prizegiving. Just to clarify some misconceptions about cancellation of the end of year prizegiving. 1. Sports teams will still be 
Year 13 students are complaining about the use of the word trivial in a history exam (in a quote by someone called Caesar) because they didnt know what the word meant. And the chairman of the New Zealand History Teachers Association agrees that it is unfair to test comprehension in an exam. Im not sure 
Missy has summarised developments (overnight NZ time) in the UK political split over Brexit plans, with a number of Cabinet Ministers resigning (7 so far), and a confidence vote in Theresa May likely. (Thanks for this Missy). Her deal has been compared to Chamberlain returning from Munich. A quick review of this mornings happenings (rather 
16 November 2018 Media Watch is a focus on New Zealand media, blogs and social media. You can post any items of interested related to media. A primary aim here is to hold media to account in the political arena. A credible and questioning media is an essential part of a healthy democracy. A general 
16 November 2018 This post is open to anyone to comment on any topic that isnt spam, illegal or offensive. All Your NZ posts are open but this one is for you to raise topics that interest you. If providing opinions on or summaries of other information also provide a link to that information. Bloggers 
42 BC Tiberius, Roman emperor, was born (d. 37).
1491 An auto de f, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside vila, concluded the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
1643 Jean Chardin, French-English jeweler and explorer, was born (d. 1703).
1776 American Revolution: The United Provinces (Low Countries) recognised the independence of the United States.
1805 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Schngrabern Russian forces under Pyotr Bagration delayed the pursuit by French troops under Murat.
1806 Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, American author and educator, was born (d. 1887).
1821 Missouri trader William Becknell arrived in Santa Fe, New Mexico over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.
1840 New Zealand officially became a separate colony of Britain, severing its link to New South Wales.
1849 A Russian court sentenced Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labour.
1852 The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovered the asteroid22 Kalliope.
1857 Second relief of Lucknow. Twenty-four Victoria Crosses were awarded, the most in a single day...
British Prime Minister Theresa May was dealt a severe blow on Thursday when her Brexit secretary and another minister quit, striking at the heart of a draft divorce deal with the EU she is battling to sell to her party, parliament and the country. LONDON, Nov 15 (Reuters) Just over 12 hours after May 
The seeds of friendship were sown when we were students.
It grew when we shared a flat.
These days we can go for months without seeing each other but strong friendships withstand that lack of contact.
When we meet each other, as we did today, its the depth and length of our friendship that matters, not how long since we saw each other and Im very grateful for that.
Wool cells used for new material Sally Rae:
Deconstruction of coarse wool fibre to create new materials has been described as a major breakthrough.
Researchers at Lincoln Agritech Ltd have broken down coarse wool which comprises about 75% of New Zealands wool clip into its cellular components, creating new materials that are not wool but contain wool attributes.
The work was part of a $21 million seven-year research programme into new uses for coarse wool, co-funded by the Wool Research Organisation of New Zealand (WRONZ) and the Ministry for Business, Innovation and Employment. . .
Fonterra must learn to be driven by profit not volume Point of Order:
Fonterra chairman John Monaghan sought to cheer up the co-ops farmer-shareholders by telling them at what was reported to be a packed annual meeting that For a time this year, NZ farmers were paid this highest milk prices in the world.
He insisted there has been a structural change in the co-ops milk prices since Fonterra was formed. . .
Enhancing the production and productivity of New Zealands primary sector, while maintaining and improving the quality of the countrys land and water for future generations. Thats the mission of the Our Land and Water National Science Challenge.
National Science Challenges emerged from The Great New Zealand Science Project, which in 2012 invited New Zealanders to talk about the biggest science related issues for them.
The project resulted in 11 Challenges, set up by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment in early 2016.
They are designed to ensure that science investment focuses on areas that matter most to New Zealanders. . .
Luxury cashmere produced here in NZ Sally Rae:
New Zealands fledgling cashmere industry, which has its roots in South Otago, has reached a significant milestone, as Sally Rae reports.
Production of the first pilot New Zealand-grown cashmere garments is being heralded as a milestone in the countrys fle...
Environmental gains from reducing carbon emissions will come at a high financial and social cost:
Becoming a net zero carbon economy by 2050 could result in a 16% drop in production from sheep and beef farms as livestock is replaced by trees to sequester carbon.
The Productivity Commissions report, Low Emissions Economy, said up to 17% of sheep and beef farmland Otago, Canterbury and Manawatu-Wanganui will convert to forestry as part of plans to plant the 2.8 million hectares of new forestry needed for New Zealand to be carbon neutral.
A shift to horticulture and forestry could reduce the dairy area in Taranaki by between 35% and 57% and Waikato by 8% and 22%.
Commission chairman Murray Sherwin acknowledged such a change will affect rural communities. . .
The financial and social impacts will be huge.
While some jobs will be created, more will be lost and people who work on sheep and beef farms and in businesses which service and supply them may not be willing, or able, to work in horticulture and forestry.
Sherwin said that degree of land use change up to 2050 is comparable to the shift to dairying since the 1990s and the Government will have to manage the social and financial fallout.
It is a shift in land use, a shift in the nature of rural communities and a shift in the workforce.
The report is designed to shape thought on the issue rather than be a prescriptive tool.
It is in a form to shape your thinking rather than anything you could say was a highly accurate, predictive tool.
That aside, he acknowledged such a reduction in sheep and beef productivity is not to be sneezed at but, as has previously occurred, productivity improvements could temper any decline and returns can be improved by better marketing. . .
The impact could be as drastic as that of the ag-sag of the 80s when subsidies were cut over night.
The result is a much stronger farming sector but getting there came at a significant cost in both financial and social terms.
Beef + Lamb NZs chief insight officer Jeremy Baker says farmers are rightly questioning the commissions tree planting proposal.
A lot has been done already and I dont know if there is much of this so-called unproductive land left.
Im not sure how they came up with that figure. Its a lot of land.
Baker said farmers feet they...
"There are no natural resources, because all resources are created by human creativity and effort. Without such creativity and effort, there are no resources."
~ Don Boudreaux, from his post 'There are NO Natural Resources...'
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