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1095 The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, began.
1600 King Charles I of England was born (d. 1649).
1794 The United States and Great Britain signed Jays Treaty, which attempts to resolve some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
1805 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer, was born (d. 1894).
1816 Warsaw University was established.
1863 American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered theGettysburg Address at the dedication of the military cemetery ceremony at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
1881 A meteorite landed near the village of Grossliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
1905 Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader, was born (d. 1956).
1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Pictures.
1917 Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India was born (d. 1984).
1930 Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow committed their first of a large series of robberies and other criminal acts.
1933 Larry King, American TV personality, was born.
1941 World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sank each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
1942 World War II: Battle of Stalingrad Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launched the...
Last week New Zealand lost to Tonga in the league World Cup. Tonight they lost to Fiji in the quarter final. They couldnt score a try the final score was 4-2 to Fiji. Good for them, woeful for the Kiwis. Thats a terrible outcome, but the whole tournament has not been riveting. I guess 
Reminders from souvenirs By Howard Chamberlain In my first article for Kapiti Independent News I wrote about my trip to the Western Front as being a series of daily adventures and spoke a little of Paris, of Clairire de lArmistice (where the Armistice was signed on 11 Nov 1918) and Arras where the New Zealand 
Headlines from the Jacinda Ardern on The Nation this morning: Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern says discussions have already begun on how to bring climate change refugees into New Zealand under a Pacific seasonal employment plan. Ardern says for now doubling the refugee quota is enough of an increase, as the country doesnt have the resources 
Outstanding entertainment for all the family Get hooked this Pantomime season with one of the most loved stories of all times. Peter Pan and the troublesome Tinkerbell whisk Wendy away to the wondrous world of Neverland. Without Google Maps, their only directions are: Second on the right and straight on til 
The reality of Government responsibility may have set in as Andrew Little commits to a decision on re-entry of the Pike River mine, but he wont commit to re-entry, citing safety is a priority. NZH Andrew Little: No absolute guarantee of Pike River Mine re-entry Pike River Mine minister Andrew Little says he cannot 
Radio New Zealand | 17 November 2017
The Pacific Network on Globalisation says claims environmental costs would stop seabed mining in the Cook Islands would be thwarted by a lack of safeguards in the countrys laws.
PANG co-ordinator Maureen Penjueli says the Cooks Seabed Minerals Act dates back to 2009 when deep-sea mining was believed to be low risk, high return.
She said in 2017 the risks to the environment were still little understood.
The countrys Seabed Minerals Authority Commissioner Paul Lynch said earlier this week that mineral extraction will likely not go ahead if the environmental cost is too high.
Ms Penjueli said there was nothing in the legislation to stop prospecting or mining on environmental grounds.
When you consider that our economies are heavily dependent on the ocean our people are heavily dependent on the ocean for livelihoods, food secu...
Helium walks into a bar,
The bar tender says We dont serve noble gasses in here.
Helium doesnt react.
Silver walks up to Gold in a bar and says, AU, get outta here!
Two chemists go into a restaurant.
The first one says I think Ill have an H2O.
The second one says I think Ill have an H2O too and he died.
What did the scientist say when he found 2
isotopes of helium?
A proton and a neutron are walking down the
The proton says, Wait, I dropped an electron help me look for it.
The neutron says Are you sure? The proton replies Im positive.
Online money has recently been discovered
to be a not-yet-identified super heavy element.
The proposed name is: Un-obtainium.
The optimist sees the glass half full.
The pessimist sees the glass half empty.
The chemist see the glass completely full, half in the liquid state and half in the vapor state.
What do chemists call a benzene ring with
iron atoms replacing the carbon atoms?
A ferrous wheel.
If H2O is the formula for water, what is
the formula for ice?
Select committees Much of the work of the House of Representatives takes place in committees made up of a small group of MPs. These committees examine issues in detail, from government policy and proposed new laws, to wider topics like the economy. There are 12 subject select committees and 5 specialist committees. Select committee business items 
Fruit early but shortage of workers Yvonne OHarra:
Cromwell and Roxburgh orchardists are intending
to start harvesting cherries this week, which is up to 10 days
earlier than usual.
However, there is also a shortage of workers.
Orchardists spoken to by Southern Rural Life said at this early stage of the season, the regions crops of cherries and apricots were shaping up as some of the best there had been for a few years, thanks to the milder spring.
Cromwell orchardist Mark Jackson, of Jacksons Orchard, said everyone he had talked to was pretty happy with the season so far and with the way the crops looked. . .
In a pair of towns straddling a major highway, the sound of engine noise at night has become a curiosity.
People prick up their ears from inside earthquake-damaged homes, wondering about a noise that until a year ago was a near-constant hum in the background.
Any road big enough to matter is called arterial, but for the south Marlborough towns of Seddon and Ward the description is particularly apt for State Highway 1.
Winding its way through the surrounding vineyards and gold-coloured rolling hills, the highway pumped through a steady stream of travellers and trade lifeblood for businesses in the area. . .
Mustering courage Alex Cook:
Stretching along both sides of the Clarence River and straddling the Clarence Fault, which runs between the seaward and inward Kaikura Ranges, is Muzzle Station.
Its New Zealands most isolated high country station, and when the Kaikura earthquake struck, its most precariously placed.
No time to read? Listen here now
Its also the home of managers Fiona and Guy Redfern, and when the 7.8 quake hit just past midnight on 14 November, the couple could hear the horrific sound of rock walls around the house tumbling down, and the house cracking with the movement. . . .
The youngest MP in Parliament is Green Chloe Swarbrick.It is very early days in her political career, she has a lot to learn and perhaps a lot to achieve. Here is her maiden speech in Parliament. Transcript: http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PA1711/S00099/chloe-swarbrick-maiden-speech.htm Some responses to this from Reddit, which includes references to Golriz Ghahraman. ProVagrant: The message I took 
Denise Lees maiden speech has been widely praised for good reason.
I think it is worth reading in full, but have bolded the part where she describes the sudden death of her son, the aftermath and how that influenced her.
Tena koutou katoa
E tau nei tetahi pirere no Tikapa Moana.
Na ka kopangia maitia e te aroha o Maungakiekie, Maungarei hoki
Ka irihia ki a wai a Tamaki Herenga Waka
Ka irihia ki a wai a te Manukanuka Hoturoa
Na ka ungia nei ahau, hei mangai, hei taringa, hei kanohi mo te hunga ra,
Aroha ki a ratou kei te Tupou o te Tini
Ka mihia ki a tatou
Kia ora mai tatou katoa
Greetings to you all
A bird (fledgling) from the Coromandel has alighted here
Enfolded by the mana of Maungakiekie & Maungarei
Christened with the sacred water of Tamaki
Christened with the sacred water of Manukau
Sent here as the mouthpiece, the ears & the eyes for the people there.
I acknowledge those who have gone before
I mihi to us
Mr Speaker, greetings to us all. And congratulations on your new role; you are one of seven members here in the 52nd parliament who sat with my father back in the 80s & 90s.
Many of us have had family precede us here, fathers, grandfathers, cousins, but unusually two of my colleagues fathers taught me in primary school, one of them moving on to become an MP, the other, my favourite teacher of all time. Well, now he happens to be in the building because his son is about to deliver a maiden speech.
No matter where you are in NZ, we are all somehow connected, somehow local, we inevitably know each other.
I drove into the local petrol station after the election to return yet another hired trailer used for signs. The station attendant approached me and remarked hey are you that lady from the signs, the one that won? Ive been watching you. If you know how to back a trailer like that you deserved to win! I laughed, introduced myself to Lester and he told me he was a regular middle New Zealander working har...
Both Labour and National are playing politics on Paid Parental Leave. Labour insisted legislation needed to be passed under urgency with a plan to increase PPL by four weeks next July, and by another four weeks in 2020 (for a total of 26 weeks). That doesnt sound very urgent. Then National proposed an amendment 
There is no doubt that Jacinda Ardern stepped up into the role of Labour leader, and stepped up further in post-election negotiations, as new Prime Minister and generally in her role in international politics (Manus aside). Not so Kelvin Davis. It seemed to be a good idea to appoint him deputy to Ardern, he had 
Kotukutuku (Fuchsia excorticata) By Cushla McGaughey Kotukutuku is the worlds tallest fuchsia. It is a tree reaching at least 13 metres in height, with a trunk up to 30cm or more in diameter. It is common in lowland and lower montane forests, growing at forest margins and along banks of stream. Easily propagated from seed 
Saturdays soapbox is yours to use as you will within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. Youre welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse, but not abuse.
A word after a word, after a word is power. Margaret Atwood.
18 November 2017 Media Watch is a focus on New Zealand media, blogs and social media. You can post any items of interested related to media. A primary aim here is to hold media to account in the political arena. A credible and questioning media is an essential part of a healthy democracy. A general 
18 November 2017 This post is open to anyone to comment on any topic that isnt spam, illegal or offensive. All Your NZ posts are open but this one is for you to raise topics that interest you. If providing opinions on or summaries of other information also provide a link to that information. Bloggers 
326 Old St. Peters Basilica was consecrated.
1105 Maginulf elected the Antipope Sylvester the IV.
1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicated Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.
1302 Pope Boniface VIII issued the Papal bull Unam sanctam (One Faith).
1307 William Tell shot an apple off of his sons head.
1477 William Caxton produced Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres, the first book printed on a printing press in England.
1493 Christopher Columbus first sighted Puerto Rico.
1626 St. Peters Basilica was consecrated.
1686 Charles Francois Felix operated on King Louis XIVs anal fistula after practicing the surgery on several peasants.
1730 Frederick II (Frederick the Great), King of Prussia, was granted a royal pardon and released from confinement.
1785 David Wilkie, British artist, was born (d. 1841).
1803 The Battle of Vertires, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.
The proceeds from our Hospice Strawberry Festivals go towards paying for all the services our patients need doctors, nurses, pain-relieving medication, counselling, home visits and much more. Saturday 18 November 9am-3pm This year its all happening in the grounds of Kapiti School on Rimu Road, opposite the Council Buildings and the Library. As well 
Jacinda Ardern announced today that it could take up to 5 months to come to a deal with Australia to take 150 of the 600 men stranded on Manus whilst the Australian government has effectively abandoned them, demolishing parts of the detention center and cutting off water, power and food supplies in a situation the UNHCR describes as "desperate".
We demand that our new government negotiates directly with the Papua New Guinea government to BRING THEM HERE.
Please join us on Sunday @ 1pm at Aotea Square & lets lift our voices for peace & justice. Please share the Facebook event with your friends & family.
Cant make it on Sunday?
There is plenty you can do. Here are four ways you can take action on this urgent issue:
1: Sign & share the petition demanding the NZ Government #BringThemHere on Facebook or Twitter, and forward this email to a friend.
2: Tweet at our PM @jacindaardern and/or Immigration Minister @IainLG and/or @TurnbullMalcolm here are a couple of suggested tweets:
Hundreds of refugees on Manus in desperate situation. @TurnbullMalcolm needs to evacuate now. We need to bring them here @jacindaardern @iainLG
Refugees on Manus Island in danger as detention centre shuts. We need to urgently #BringThemHere! #RefugeesWelcome @jacindaardern @IainLG @TurnbullMalcolm
3: Call or email your MP, Jacinda Ardern and Iain Lees-Galloway directly: jacinda.ardern / 04 817 9370 & iain.lees-galloway / 04 817 6967
4: Send a message of solidarity directly to refugees on Manus & let them know we stand with them and want them here. Iranian journalist Behrouz Boochani is being held on Manus & is reporting the situation there tweet at him @BehrouzBoochani or use #BringThemHere
Thanks for taking action today!
Auckland Peace Action
The South Taranaki District Council has a duty to fluoridate its water supply, as residents in the area have poor oral hygiene and a high level of tooth decay, the Supreme Court has been told.
A group opposed to fluoridation, New Health New Zealand, has taken legal action against the Council which has now reached the countrys highest Court.
Earlier the Court of Appeal and High Court threw out legal challenges by the group, rejecting its suggestion that fluoridation of the water breached the right to refuse medical treatment.
However South Taranaki District Councils lawyer, Duncan Laing, told the Supreme Court today that health legislation places a duty on local authorities to improve and promote health in their areas.
He said a doctor had suggested that fluoridating the water supply was a much better way of improving oral health in the area, than other possible methods targeting dental hygiene.
In Patea it was a doctors opinion that if the toothbrush and toothpaste were free there was no reason to believe they would be used.
He said the doctor suggested other measures such as banning sugary snacks in schools would not be as effective as fluoridation even if they could be introduced.
Mr Laing said the Local Government Act also empowered the council to fluoridate the water supply and regarding its safety, he said the Ministry of Health had reviewed scientific papers on fluoridation and also commissioned its own studies on the issue.
He said the merits of fluoridation had also been considered by other bodies over many years.
As far back as 1957 a commission of enquiry [was held] and also [later] the New Zealand Human Rights Commission [considered fluoridation], so its interesting its come up again at this time.
It was put to bed by the Royal Commission in the 1950s and by Privy Council case but now its reared its head again.
Mr Laing said local councils had three separate duties relating to water supplies, including ensuring an area had an adequate supply of water.
[And] to take all practicable steps to ensure water supply meets with the standards and to take all reasonable steps to ensure the water supply is wholesome.
Duncan Laing said nothing in that was contrary to fluoridating a local water supply.
He also rejected the appellants claim that the fluoride used in water supplies could contain a whole range of nasty chemicals.
The drinking water standards are a very comprehensive set of standards as to what can be put into drinking water and its simply not credi...
Thanks to Ed Yong and his editors at The Atlantic for this story on one countrys approach to rats:
The nation wants to eradicate all invasive mammal predators by 2050. Gene-editing technology could helpor it could trigger an ecological disaster of global proportions.
The first thing that hit me about Zealandia was the noise.
I was a 15-minute drive from the center of Wellington, New Zealands capital city, but instead of the honks of horns or the bustle of passersby, all I could hear was birdsong. It came in every flavorresonant coos, high-pitched cheeps, and alien notes that seemed to come from otherworldly instruments.
Much of New Zealand, including national parks that supposedly epitomize the concept of wilderness, has been so denuded of birds that their melodies feel like a rare gifta fleeting thing to make note of before it disappears. But Zea...
The Supreme Court looks set to tackle the issue of whether adding fluoride to water supplies amounts to medicating the consumer to reduce tooth decay.
The court has reserved its decision on an appeal by a group that opposes fluoridation of water supplies, New Health New Zealand.
New Health appealed against a decision that South Taranaki District Council should be allowed to put fluoride in the water supplies of Waverley and P?tea, two areas with poor oral hygiene.
One of the planks of New Healths appeal was the Bill of Rights Act guarantee that anyone had the right to refuse to undergo medical treatment.
Fluoridated water supplies delivered medication for a therapeutic purpose, New Healths lawyer, Mary Scholtens, QC, said.
The right to refuse medical treatment was subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as could be justified in a free and democratic society.
For the minister of health, Crown lawyer Austin Powell argued fluoridated water was a public health measure, not medical treatment.
But there was point at which treatment and dietary additions came close to diverging, he said.
If the court found that adding fluoride was authorised, reading several provisions together, then it would be prescribed by law and the real issue would become whether it was justified, Powell said.
The council has defended the science behind fluoridation and said fluoridated water was not medication, its lawyer Duncan Laing said.
Fluoridating water was not delivering medical treatment, but even if it was medical treatment, it was legally allowed and was a minimal intrusion, he argued.
The Ministry of Health encouraged local authorities to fluoridate, after evaluating the scientific evidence and commissioning its own studies. It had been looked at on human rights grounds, and by a commission of inquiry.
There is a substantial body of evidence that fluoridation is a safe and effective way of reducing widespread disease, Laing said.
New Health has said that fluoride added to the water is not the same as medical-grade fluoride found in fluoride tablets and toothpaste.
New Health said the water additive was a product of the fertiliser industry, but Laing said that was not always the case.
Additives to drinking water had to comply with comprehensive water standards and it was not credible to say it added dangerous or inappropriate elements from the fluoride. New Health said contaminants such as mercury and arsenic came from the fluoride added.
Until 2002, l...
A friend posts from downtown Harare, where murdering thug Robert Mugabe appears to have been (finally) overthrown, to observe :
"You gotta give it to Zimbos! They even coup in style. People are out shopping, coffee shops and restaurants are occupied by relaxed smiling people. Even the city of Harare staff are out fixing potholes. The only absence is that of traffic police harassing road users. Even the army which is very present at shopping malls and the CBD are watchful but friendly. That is the classiest coup ever!"And the opposition's Morgan Tsvangirai posts that Mugabe must now formally stand down, that a "roadmap" be set in place for free and fair elections, and that "SADC, the African Union, the UN and the broader international community be the underwriters and guarantors to the roadmap to free and fair elections."
This is the only assurance to an irreversible path to national freedom, happiness and economic prosperity.Nicely put.
To our neighbours, you now all know the simple choice you face; either support our rights or our refugees.
Decades of skyrocketing economic growth have resulted in some Chinese cities having economies as big as many countries.
An infographic, made by Visual Capitalist, compares some cities in China, which has a population of 1.4 billion people. The numbers are gross domestic product (GDP) by purchasing power parity (PPP). Have you heard of the cities of Suzhou, Wuhan or Tangshan, which are as wealthy as Austria, Israel or New Zealand?
These Chinese towns are not isolated, and are connected creating megaregions like the Northeast US, in which New York City, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore, and Washington, DC are close to each other, creating a mega economic zone, Visual Capitalist explains.
In China, there are three important megaregions.
With a combined GDP of $2.17 trillion, the region unites cities like Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou, Wuxi, Ningbo, and Changzhou, and is economically as b...
Fonterra today launched an ambitious plan to help improve the quality of New Zealands waterways.
Based around six strategic commitments, the plan will underpin Fonterras efforts to promote healthy streams and rivers, including a strong focus on sustainable farming and manufacturing.
The release of the plan signals Fonterras desire to play an active role in delivering healthy waterways for New Zealanders and builds on the Co-operatives previous efforts in this space. Recent examples include Fonterras commitment to restore 50 key freshwater catchments, its membership the Farming Leaders Pledge and work with the Department of Conservation on the Living Water initiative. . .
Federated Farmers support Fonterras bold push to get to zero emissions of CO2 on the manufacturing side of the Co-operative, both in New Zealand and across its global network.
And we await with interest to see what the contribution is that they will be making to reduce biological emissions, which whilst we have some promising options under development to control them, there is a lot of work still to be done, Federated Farmers climate change spokesperson Andrew Hoggard says. . .
Fonterras pledge to improve the nations waterways and environment is a commendable and achievable aspiration says Federated Farmers.
The dairy co-operative has outlined today six commitments towards its target of reducing its environmental impact while ensuring a sustainable future for the dairy sector....
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